The current life expectancy in Spain It is 83 years and the women tend to live longer (nearly 86 years) than mens (just over 81), according to the latest data from the Statistics National Institute (INE). A century ago, over 40 years was a milestone. The immortality is relegated to Science fictionbut part of the scientific community has between eyebrows to get a increased longevity. With the ambition of also fulfilling years with a good quality of life. For that, the key is to reduce the effects of cellular aging. already exist drugs that destroy the cells that produce it. Are the senolytics and they have an ambitious challenge: they intend to extend life expectancy to 200 years.
The senolytic drugs they are relatively new. So much so that if you go to one pharmacy and you ask for them, they will give you a poker face. They are not for sale because they do not yet exist as such. However, there is already scientific tests that show that they can eliminate the senescent cells of Body, responsible for the aging and degradation of tissue function.
2020: first satisfactory results
At the scientific level, there have already been drug experiments of these characteristics with mice. The study ‘First evidence that senolytics are effective in reducing senescent cells in humans’, published in 2020 in the journal ‘The Lancet’, showed promising results: treated with the compound dasatiniba tyrosine kinase inhibitor, and with quercetinthe rodents achieved an improvement in the physical function and they lived longer.
On the other hand, scientists from the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) conducted a study in which this type of drug was capable of recognizing aged cells and destroying them. The results of the research were published last year in the journal ‘Nature’.
The research leader and professor at the UOC, Salvador Maciphe explained, was the “first time we have a drug based on a antibody that can be applied to humans to slow down senescence [el envejecimiento] cell phone”.
Good quality of life until age 100 and turning 200
The British biologist Andrew Steele speaks extensively of these two studies and many more in the book ‘The new science to fulfill years without getting old’, which was published in 2020 in English and has now reached the Spanish market. The expert is blunt in this scientific guide: senolytics will make it “completely feasible” for humans to live with full quality of life beyond 100 years and extend longevity to 200 years.