The Ministry of Health has confirmed the second deceased by monkeypox in Spain: a 31-year-old man from Córdoba. The case, collected in the epidemiological bulletin this Saturday, is the second known death related to this viral disease in the country and the third out of Africa since last May the outbreak of this infection was declared in the United Kingdom. These cases, according to the Spanish health authorities, have already been reported to the World Health Organization and the European Commission.
In Spain, according to the latest data collected by the National Epidemiological Surveillance Network (RENAVE), as of July 29, a total of 4,298 confirmed cases of monkey pox (or ‘monkeypox’). The reported cases come from 17 autonomous communities, with Madrid and Catalonia as the most affected autonomieswith 1,656 and 1,406 cases detected, respectively.
Among confirmed cases to date, a total of 4,081 are men Y 64 are women. According to the first analyzes of these outbreaks, the most of those affected They are men who have sex with men. In 82% of cases, the spread of this virus occurred through close contact in the context of a sexual relationship.
According to the data available to date, among those affected by this disease in Spain only 7% of cases (135 patients) have presented serious complications throughout its clinical process, with symptoms such as secondary bacterial infections and mouth ulcers. So far, of the 3,750 patients with available information, at least 120 cases have been hospitalized (3.2%) and two have died. The first deceased from this disease, whose case was announced this Friday by the Valencian Community Health Department, died of encephalitis caused by the infection.
Just a week ago, the Director General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, declared the monkeypox virus epidemic a international public health emergency due to the rapid expansion of infections detected in recent weeks.
Europe stands out, for the moment, as one of the regions with the highest risk of spread of this sickness of the world. According to the latest available data, there are at least 10,059 confirmed cases of ‘monkeypox’ in European patients. Most are young men with a history of relationships in a risky sexual context.
Spain has already started a vaccination campaign against monkeypox especially aimed at “high risk people” of severity or exposure. The vaccines will be destined “fundamentally” to men who have sex with other men and are in Pre-Exposure Proxylaxis (PrEP) programs and in prevention programs for people who already have HIV. People who have been exposed to the virus and may have complications such as minors, pregnant women and people undergoing treatment with immunosuppressants, as well as health professionals who have treated a case without adequate protection.